MENSTRUATION OR PERIODS:
What is Menstruation or periods?
Menstruation is a Discharge Of Blood which occurs every month in women, also called periods. which discharge blood and tissue from the lining of the uterus, which occurs about every 28 days it can range anywhere from 21 to 35 days Menstruation or having periods is part of the female reproductive cycle that starts when girls become Sexually mature at the time of puberty.
Women generally begin menstruating between the ages of 11 and 13 this first period is called Menarche.
Menstruation is the release of the uterine lining which grew lush and thick under the influence of progesterone (a hormone) in preparation to support and nurture a fertilized egg should conception occur that cycle. When conception doesn’t occur, progesterone levels decrease, support for the thick lining is no more and the result is the cellular matter sloughing off the uterine walls, capillaries are exposed and
provide the liquid to help wash the uterine lining away.
Irregular periods are also known as anovulatory periods. It means that women do not properly develop and release a mature egg every month as they should normally. Because women respond differently, irregular periods adopt different types too.
It is normal for a young teenager who have just started menstruating not too long ago, to have an irregular menstruation pattern. As she grows, her hormonal pattern will be more fully developed, and her periods will be more frequent and stable.
Causes of your irregular menstruation are listed below:
Pregnancy. If you miss a period or you have abnormal vaginal bleeding and are sexually active, you might be pregnant. See your doctor.
- Poor nutrition (or a diet too high in carbohydrates).
- Drug use.
- Excessive alcohol use (interfering with how the liver metabolizes estrogen and progesterone).
- Eating disorders.
- Increased stress.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome/estrogen dominance.
- Uterine abnormalities (fibroids/cysts/polyps/endometriosis).
- Hormonal imbalance related to per menopause.
- Recent childbirth, miscarriage.
- Breastfeeding Over-exercise Significant weight gain or loss.
- Stress: Emotional disturbances caused by stress, mental fatigue, illness and problems can alter the interval between your periods or stop your menstrual cycle altogether.
some illnesses, chronic or otherwise, like thyroid disease or a pituitary tumor can interfere with there gulation of the menstrual cycle. Ones these illnesses are treated are treated the menstrual cycle will return normal.